In 1910 the Dutch named the island on the south side of East Nusa Tenggara Province is the nickname of Komodo Island. This story begins with Lieutenant Steyn van Hens Broek who tries to prove statements about the presence of Dutch troops large animal resembling a dragon on the island. Steyn then killed a Komodo dragon and bring documentation to the Museum and Botanical Garden in Bogor to be investigated.
In 2009, the Park has been named a finalist of the “New Seven Wonders of Nature” which was announced in 2010 by online voting at www.N7W.com. In the 2011, the New 7 Wonders has announced the provisional winner and National Parks Komodo entered into the ranks of the winners along with Woods Amazon, Halong bay, Iguazu Falls, Jeju Island, Puerto Princesa Underground River and Table Mountain. Komodo National Park to get the most votes.
Komodo and Human
Komodo dragons were first documented by Europeans in 1910. His name was expanded after 1912, when Peter Ouwens, director of the Zoological Museum in Bogor, published a paper about the dragons after receiving a photo and this reptilian skin. Later, the Komodo dragon is the driving factor for an expedition to Komodo Island by W. Douglas Burden in 1926. After returning with 12 preserved specimens and 2 dragons live, this expedition provided the inspiration for the movie King Kong in 1933. W. Douglas Burden is the the first gave the name “Komodo dragon” to this animal. Three of his specimens were obtained reshaped stuffed and are still on diMuseum Natural History.
The Captive of Komodo:
Komodo dragons have long since become an exciting spectacle in zoos, mainly because of size and reputation make them popular. They are, however, rare in zoos because they are susceptible to infections and parasitic diseases, and do not readily proliferate.
The first Komodo dragon is the Smithsonian National Zoological Park in 1934, but this animal lived for only two years. Efforts to preserve these reptiles continue, but the lifespan of these creatures was very short, averaging only 5 years old at the zoo. Research conducted by Walter Auffenberg above, the results of which were later published as the book The Behavioral Ecology of the Komodo Monitor, ultimately enabling the maintenance and breeding of this endangered species in captivity.
Komodo dragons are carnivores. Although they mostly eat carrion, research shows that they also hunt live prey with a stealthy approach followed by a sudden attack against the victim. When it arrived near the prey hiding place of dragons, animals be attacked on the underside or the throat. Komodo can find their prey using a sharp sense of smell, which can locate a dead or dying animals at a distance of up to 9.5 kilometers.